Resource Page for Collectors of Austria Stamps and Austria Postal History
In March 1772, Joseph Hardy started a local mail in Vienna. He collected and delivered mail within
the capital at a charge of 2 Kreuzers, and outside the city limits for 3 Kreuzers.
The first postage stamps of the Austrian Empire were issued on 1 June 1850 featuring the coat of arms.
At the time the Austro-Hungary Empire consisted of countries which are now Slovakia, Czech Republic, parts of northern Italy,
parts of Ukraine, parts of southern Poland, parts of Rumania, some of the former Yugoslavia as well as Austria and Hungary.
The first adhesive postage stamps were for use in the whole of the Empire, with the exception of the Italian territories of
Lombardy and Venetia which were using a different currency.
On 6 April 1850 the Austro-German Postal Union agreement was concluded between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Prussia to take effect from 1 July 1850.
The primary purpose of the agreement was to provide a uniform system of postal rates.
By 1 June 1852 all the remaining German states joined the Union. It subsequently became the model for the creation of the Universal Postal Union in 1874.
In 1851 Austria became the first country in the world to issue newspaper stamps which allowed the sending of newspapers and magazines at a reduced rate.
In 1866 Austria surrendered her Italian territories to the newly formed state of Italy.
On 18 February 1867 Emperor Franz Joseph announced that Hungary would have its own constitution and a seperate government and so a Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary
was established by a decree of 18 November 1868. An independent Hungarian Postal Admnistration began operating on 1 May 1867. Current Austrian stamps were withdrawn
in Hungarian post offices on 31 May 1867. New Hungarian stamps were introduced on 1 June 1867. Austrian stamps were demonetized in Hungary on 15 June 1867.
In 1899 Austria changed its currency from 100 kreuzer in the gulden to 100 heller in the krone; new stamps and stationery were issued accordingly.
During World War 1 Austria occupied the southern part of Congress Poland. No special stamps were issued.
Austrian field post offices were set up which used postmarks with Polish town names.
After World War I Austria was reduced to its current size and became a Republic in 1919.
The first items of postal stationery to be issued by Austria were envelopes in 1861, followed by postal cards in 1869 and then newspaper wrappers in 1872.
Lettercards were first issued in 1886 and aerogrammes were first issued in 1952.
PHILATELIC SOCIETIES for Collectors of Austrian Stamps and Austria Postal History
In the 19th century a need emerged to provide letter collection facilities in rural areas. Following trials, an official system of
rural agencies was set up on 1 July 1900, and is still in operation, progressively integrated over the decades into the postal system...
During the course of the First World War, the British counterfeited
eight stamps of three enemy nations. These were the 5, 10 and 25 heller
stamps of Austria, the 5, 10 and 15-pfennig stamps of Bavaria, and the
10 and 15-pfennig stamps of Germany. It is assumed that these stamps
were forged to be used to mail pro-Allied propaganda behind enemy lines.
The first postage meter was placed into use in 1922. It was a machine locally manufactured by Mr Max Baum.
The Baum machine was not able to adjust to the rapid inflation of 1922-23 and was in use for only a short time only.
BOOKS on Austrian Stamps and Austrian Postal History
Handbook & Catalog of the Pre-Stamp Postmarks of Austria
by Edwin Mueller, 1960, 199 pp, published under the auspices of the Theodore E. Steinway Memorial Publication Fund by the Collectors Club, New York A classical work upon the Pre-Philatelic postmarks from Austria. There are two main parts: the Handbook., pages 5-100 and the Catalogue, pages 101-199
The Postal History of Austria 1938-1946
by Keith Tranmer, 1972 (reprinted 1974), 99pp
published by Austrian Stamp Club of Great Britain
Austro-Hungarian Army Post Offices 1914 -1918
by Keith Tranmer, pub by the author, 1973, 115pp
Checklist of the Town Cancellations of Bosnia & Herzegovina 1878-1918
by T.M. Gordon, 1973, circa 80 pp
Mauthausen Postal History of a Death Camp
by Keith Tranmer, pub by the author, 1977, 16pp
Cancellations of Hungarian Post Offices on Austrian Stamps
by G.S. Ryan, 1980
by A Hall, pub by J Barefoot Ltd, 1981, 124pp Overprints on German issues, Local overprints on German issues, Local Posts, Overprints on Austrian issues,
Local overprints on Austrian issues, Local overprints on Russian & Ukrainian issues
The Slogan-Type Cancellations of Austria 1938-1945
by H G White, published by Austrian Stamp Club of Great Britain, 1988, 12pp
Censorship of the Civil Mails in Occupied Austria 1945-1953
by Richard A Krueger, published by the author, 1989 (3rd printing 1990), 210pp
by Keith Tranmer, 1990, 32pp, published by Keith Tranmer Background story and details of the flights to and from Przemysl during the siege of 1914-15
Poland 1918 Locals
by J. Barefoot, 1999 The locals posts from about 1915 to about 1919, the stamps, stationery and postmarks with valuations and a forgery guide
The Sieges of Przemysl
by Keith Tranmer Keith spent 40 years researching this subject. He assembled a very impressive collection of covers, photos of
pilots and planes, maps and other ephemera. He has developed a deep
understanding of the key players, senior officers, pilots, observers,
quartermasters, drivers etc on the Austrian side during the 2 sieges -
it was only the second siege when mail was actually flown out.
Austria: An Air Mail Digest
by N C Baldwin, published 1965, 16pp
Air mail developments in Austria 1912 to 1963
DALMATIA - The Austro-Hungarian Postmark Project Volume 1
Local Provisionals in South Tyrol & Bozen after WW1
A Post Hapsburg Index (present & former names of post towns)
Cancellations of Austria & Lombardy-Venetia 1850-1864
(Eng/Ger.), by Muller