The first settlers in area, then known as "New France", were the French in 1608 in Ontario.
The French were defeated by British troops during the Seven Years' War and "New France" was ceded to Britain in 1763.
In 1791 the British territory was divided into Upper Canada (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now Quebec).
In 1840 Quebec and Ontario were united to form the self governing colony of Canada.
In April 1851 the first stamps were issued by the Colony of Canada.
The first permanent settlements, in what is now Nova Scotia, were established by the French in 1605. The French colony was named "Acadia" and
it also included what is now New Brunswick.
Acadia was ceded to Britain in 1713 and renamed Nova Scotia.
Nova Scotia first issued stamps on 1 September 1851.
In 1784 New Brunswich became a separate colony.
New Brunswick first issued stamps in September 1851.
Prince Edward Island
The island was ceded by the French in 1763 and became part of Nova Scotia.
In 1769 Prince Edward Island became a separate colony.
The first stamps to be issued on the island was on 1 January 1861.
British Columbia and Vancouver Island
British Columbia and Vancouver Island were separate colonies with a joint stamp issue which was first issued in 1860.
The two colonies then had separate issues British Colombia's first stamp was issued on 1 November 1865 and Vancouver Island on 19 September 1985.
On 19 November 1866 the two colonies united as British Colombia.
Newfoundland was administered as part of England from 1583; as a colony from 1713; and was self governing from 1855.
Newfoundland first issued stamps on 1 January 1857.
Dominion of Canada
On the 1st of July 1867 the colonies of Canada, New Brunswich and Nova Scotia federated to form the Dominion of Canada and the first stamps were issued on 1 April 1868.
British Colombia joined the federation in 1871 and Prince Edward Island in 1873.
On 1 April 1949 Newfoundland joined the Dominion of Canada.
Philatelic Societies for Collectors of Canada Postage Stamps and Postal History
The Canadian Philatelic Society of Great Britain THe Society's roots go back to the 1930ís when a small band of Scottish enthusiasts formed the Scottish Canadian Study Circle.
After the Second World War in 1946 the Circle re-launched itself under the present name. The aims of the Society include the promotion and study
of all aspects of British North American philately. Membership is worldwide and there is, naturally, a strong representation in Canada and the USA.
British North America Philatelic Society The British North America Philatelic Society Ltd. - BNAPS - is an international organization (founded 1943) devoted to the collecting and study of the stamps, markings,
and postal history of Canada and the pre-confederation colonies of British North America (British Columbia, Canada, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia
and Prince Edward Island).
Postal History Society of Canada The PHSC is devoted to the study of the postal history of Canada and the early North American colonies. Originally founded in 1972 as the Postal History Society of
Ontario, the name was changed in June 1977, reflecting the expanded nature and scope of the Society.
Canada's 12 Pence Black of 1851 Issued on June 14, 1851, Canada's 12-penny black features a portrait of the youthful Queen Victoria, a reproduction of a full-length painting by
Alfred E. Chalon. This 12d was the high value of Canada's first three stamps. The 12d denomination, instead of 1 shilling, was used because the value
of a shilling differed in various parts of North America at that time. In most of New England, the shilling was equal to l0d, while in New York it was
valued at 7d. The 12d denomination left no room for monetary confusion.
The Stamps of Kaulbach Island
by Tony Brown From 1971 to 1984, local postal labels were issued by the Kaulbach Island Local Carriage Service on mail that was transported to and from the island to the mainland
by John Hillson, FCPS An interesting period in Canadian postal history is the approximately quarter of a century following Confederation (1867), when the use of Fancy Cancels, sometimes
referred to, perhaps a little condescendingly, as corks, was in its heyday.
Canadian Perfin Officials
by Tony Brown Private perfins were used by commercial enterprises, with the earliest known Canadian example being that of the W.J. Gage & Company of Toronto...
Nova Scotia Stamps & Postal History
(the original is no longer on line, this is a copy on the Way Back Machine)
by Richard C Frajola The Nova Scotia postal system was under the direct control of the General Post office in London from 1754 until 1851.
In the pre-adhesive period prior to 1851, postal markings followed the British pattern...
Canadian Stamp Forgeries & Reproductions
by Kenneth W. Pugh Guide to the fakes and forged stamps of Canada, Vancouver Island and British Columbia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
Armorial Bearings of Canada - Rafphael Tuck postcard, 1908
Philatelic Books on Canada Postage Stamps and Canada Postal History
The Admiral Era: A Rate Study 1912-1928
by Allan L Steinhart, 1981, 166pp
The Admiral Issue of Canada
by George C Marler, 1982, 567pp
The Airmails of Canada and Newfoundland
published by the American Air Mail Society, 1997, 552pp Covers: Pioneer Flights, SCADTA, Semi-Officials, Airship, Government and other covers 1926-1997, Crash Covers, Balloon, Helicopter, Forces, etc.
Atlantic Mails, A History of the Mail Service Between Great Britain and Canada to 1889
by Dr John C Arnell, 1980, 412pp
Canada Domestic and International Postal Rates and Fees 1870-1999
by Dr. Robert C. Smith and Anthony S. Wawrukiewicz, 44pp Comprehensive tables detailing the rates of postage from 1870 to 1999
Canada Steel Engraved Constant Plate Varieties
by Hans Reiche, 1982, 109pp
Canada's Registry Stystem: 1827-1911
by Horace W Harrison, 1971, 84pp
Canada's Small Queen Era, Postal Usage during the Small Queen Era 1870 - 1897
by George B Arfken, 1989, 459pp
Canadian Mail by Rail 1836 - 1867
by L F Gillam, 1985, 164pp
The Canadian Military Posts
by W J Bailey and E R Troop, 1984-1990
Vol 1, 269pp, Colonial to 1919; Vol 2, 367pp, 1920-1946; Vol 3, 264pp, 1947-1989
Canadian Patriotic Post Card Handbook, 1904-1914
by W L Gutzman Covers, 1985, 143pp
Canadian Post Offices 1755-1895
by Frank W Campbell, 1972, 208pp
Canadian Postage Stamps and Stationery
by Clifton A Howes, 1911; 1974 reprint, 301pp
Collect Canada Covers
by Edward A Richardson, 1978, 103pp
The Colonial Postal System and Postage Stamps of Vancouver Island and British Columbia 1849-1871
by Alfred S Deaville, 1928; 1980 reprint, 211pp+14 plates
Early Canada Stamp Perforation Measurements
by J Goldberg, 1996, 10pp The 1857-1899 period, a scholarly pursuit getting back to the actual method of rotary perforation, not for the general collector.
Early Rapid Cancelling Machines of Canada
by David Sessions, 1982, 137pp
Encyclopedia of the Empire, Volume V, North America
by Robson Lowe, 1973, 760pp
The Essays and Proofs of British North America
by Kenneth Minuse and R. H Pratt, 1970, 198pp The definitive work on BNA Essays and Proofs from the Essay Proof Society.
First Decimal Issue of Canada 1859-68
by Geoffrey Whitworth, 1966, 95pp
Five Cents Beaver Stamp of Canada
by Geoffrey Whitworth, 1985, 95pp
A History of Canadian R.P.O.'s 1853-1967
by L F Gillam, 1967, 179 + 17pp
Large Queen Stamps of Canada and their Use 1868-1872
by Duckworth Stamps, 1986, 488pp
Newfoundland Air Mails 1919-1939
by C H C Harmer, edited by Eisendrath, 1953; 1984 update, 181pp
Newfoundland, Travelling Post Office Cancellations
by Kidd and Cockrill, 1987, 52pp
Nova Scotia Post, Its Offices, Masters and Marks 1700-1867
by MacDonald, 1985, 295pp
Ontario Broken Circles
by W. Bruce Graham, published by the Postal History Society of Canada, 1999. 240pp A very large checklist of all known or suspected broken circle postmarks ("split circles") of Ontario and its predecessors. About 12000 are listed.
Also includes other datestamps used in Upper Canada, Canada West, as well as Ontario.
The Pence Issues of Newfoundland
by Robert H Pratt, 1982, 192pp
Postage Stamps and Cancellations of Prince Edward Islands 1814-1873
by James C Lehr, 1987, 174pp
Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada
by Winthrop S Boggs, 1946, 825pp, two volumes;
1975, Quarterman reprint, 624pp, (About 200 pages of reference data have been left out of the 1975 edition.)
Postage Stamps of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
by N Argenti, 1962; 1976 reprint, 223pp
Postal History of the Canadian Contingents in the Anglo-Boer War
by Rowe, 1981, 104pp
The Postal History of the Post Card in Canada 1871-1911
by Steinhart, 1979, 65pp+70 illustrations
Postal History of Yukon Territory
by Robert G Woodall, 1976, 267pp
The Postal Stationery of Canada - A Reference Catalogue
by Nelson Bond, 1953, 132pp A comprehensive catalogues all the Envelopes, Air Letter Forms, Post Bands, Wrappers, Letter Cards, Post Cards which had been issued by
Canada and Newfoundland up to the date of publication.
The Semi-Official Air Stamps of Canada, 1924-34
by Longworth-Dames, 1982, 116pp
The Small Queens of Canada
by John Hillson, 1981, 24pp; 1989, 2nd revised edition, 112pp