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Ceylon Stamps and Ceylon Postal History

History

For some 2,000 years the island was ruled by a local kingdom. In 1517 the Portuguese founded a fort at the port city of Colombo and gradually extended their control over the coastal areas.

In 1638 the Dutch made a treaty with Rajasinghe II, the king of Kandy, to get rid of the Portuguese. By 1660 the Dutch controlled the whole island except the kingdom of Kandy and it was not until 1656 that Colombo fell.

In 1796 Great Britain occupied the coastal areas of the island (which they called Ceylon). In 1802 the Netherlands ceded the parts of the island they still occupied to Great Britain. The remainder of the island, the Kingdom of Kandy, was occupied by Great Britain in 1815 and the native king of Kandy was deposed and exiled.

Ceylon KGVI 50c

Ceylon became an independent country on 4 February 1948.

On 22 May 1972 the name Ceylon was changed to Sri Lanka.

History of Sri Lanka
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
for a much more detailed History of the island


Postal History

In 1798 the Dutch opened five post offices in the districts under their control. In 1799, they published the first postal regulations and postage rates. The Dutch East India Company operated the Postal service, which was not meant for the public but for official use.

The first postmaster was appointed in 1802 and handstamps were first supplied in 1813.

The first stamps were issued on 1 April 1857

Ceylon joined the UPU in 1877


Philatelic Societies for Collectors of Ceylon Stamps & Postal History

The Ceylon Study Circle of Great Britain
For collectors of postage stamps, postal history, postal stationery and postcards from Ceylon/Sri Lanka. Publishing the Ceylon Study Circle Bulletin and specialist books.


New Issues of Sri Lanka stamps

For new issues of Sri Lanka stamps

Sri Lanka Philatelic Bureau


Selected pages on Ceylon Stamps and Ceylon Postal History

Ceylon KGV 100r Postage stamps and postal history of Sri Lanka
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Early Postal History of Ceylon and the P & O Steam Navigation Company
by Srilal Fernando
In these days of instant communication it is difficult to conceive the difficulties that existed 200 years ago.

The Forged Stamps of Ceylon
by Morten Munck

TPOs of Ceylon / Sri Lanka
by Keith Morris
Mails were conveyed from the 1st January 1867 between Colombo and Ambepussa and manuscript markings survive from this period...

"CAVE" overprints on stamps of Ceylon
from StampBoards.com - Postage Stamp Chat Board & Stamp Bulletin Board Forum

List of people on the postage stamps of Sri Lanka
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ceylon Airgraphs pdf download
This is a postal stationery exhibit of Ceylon Airgraphs used by forces in Ceylon during World War II.

Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps pdf download
by Kathryn J. Johnson
Original Publication: Ceylon Study Circle Bulletin, Vol. 16, No. 3, July 2013

Exploring the Ceylon Pillar Box Usage pdf download
by Kathryn J. Johnson
Original Publication: Ceylon Study Circle Bulletin, Vol. 16, No. 1, January 2013


Books on Ceylon Stamps and Ceylon Postal History

Ceylon QV 1s 9d Cancellations on the Postage Stamps of Ceylon 1857 – 1892
by Geoff F Oxley, published by the Ceylon Study Circle of GB, 1996, ISBN 0952814900
A study of the introduction and use of the letter and numeral cancellations for the period from 1857 until 1892. The post offices that were allocated these cancellations are listed with opening dates including those that were re-allocated.

Ceylon - The Camps for Boer Prisoners of War 1900-1902; Their Postal History
by Richard Stroud, published by the Anglo-Boer War Philatelic Society, 1989

Ceylon: The Three Cents Postal Commission Surcharges of 1888-1890
by P C Montgomery Stainer, self published, 1989

Ceylon Postal History 1857-1902
by Obré J Sanders, 1999

The Encyclopaedia of Ceylon Postmarks, King George VI
by David Horry, in association with the Ceylon Study Circle of Great Britain, 2010

The Fiscal and Telegraph Stamps of Ceylon
by C S F Crofton, 1911

H W Cave & Co Colombo
by J G Winters, ISBN 0952814927
The history of the well known Colombo company of Cave & Co is linked with the philatelic material that it produced. From the handstruck name overprints on stamps to perfins; postcards; printed stationery and material connected to the Boer War camps primarily at Diyatalawa.

Ceylon QV 8d The Perfins of Ceylon
by A Ellis, Ceylon Study Circle Bulletin, September 1981

The Postage Stamps, Envelopes, Wrappers, Post Cards, and Telegraph Stamps, of British India and Ceylon
by the Philatelic Society, London, 1892

The Postal Commission Stamps of Ceylon 1888 – 1890
by J G Winters, ISBN 9780952814931
These surcharged stamps were in use for a short time, their purpose, printing and the varieties that were produced are explained. All known types are fully illustrated in colour and forgeries are also included.

The Postal History of Ceylon
by Edward B Proud, 2006, ISBN 1872465390

The Postal History of Ceylon 1795 – 1857
by Geoff F Oxley, published by the Ceylon Study Circle of GB, 1996, ISBN 0952814919
This study explains the working of the postal services and the postages prepaid or charged and to list the handstruck markings found on the mails. It covers the period from 1795 at the end of the Dutch occupation and the beginning of the British who established a postal service for the Island.

Rodrigo's Catalogue of Ceylon/Sri Lanka Postal Stationery Part I - Air Mail Letter Sheets, Dr Chandra Rodrigo
by Chandra Rodrigo, 2008

Rodrigo's Catalogue of Ceylon/Sri Lanka Postal Stationery Part II - Postal Cards, Letter Cards, Letter Sheets, Wrappers, P.T.P.O. Wrappers
by Chandra Rodrigo, 2010, 224 pages, ISBN 978-955-50-8901-2

The Travelling Post Offices of Ceylon
By Derek Walker, published by the Ceylon Study Circle of GB, 1990