In 1588 Queen Elizabeth 1 granted a patent to "certain merchants of Exeter and others of the west parts and of London to trade.." for a period of 10 years, but this did not lead to any permanent settlement.
In 1618 King James 1 granted a charter to a company, "The Company of Adventurers of London trading into Africa", who in due course built a fort near the mouth of the River Gambia and established trade from this area.
When slave trading was abolished jurisdiction of the Gambia passed from the merchants (now the Royal Africa Company) to the Governor of Sierra Leone in 1821 and the Royal Africa Company was dissolved. In 1843 Gambia became a independent colony till 1866 when it became part of what was officially termed the "West African Settlements". In 1888 it was made a crown colony.
In 1965 Gambia was granted independence.
issued on 18 March 1869.
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The 1883-97 issue of The Gambia Cameos. A
Study of the Plates, Printings and Perforators