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Resource Page for Collectors of Somaliland Protectorate Stamps and Postal History


HISTORY
Stamps of Egypt were used from 1876 till 1884

Stamps of India were used from 1 January 1887 till 1903.

Control of British Somaliland was transferred from the Indian Government to the British Foreign Office on 1 June 1903.

On 1 June 1903 Stamps of  India overprinted BRITISH SOMALILAND were first issued.

The Protectorate was occupied by Italian forces in August 1940 and liberated 16-24 March 1941; civilian post was restarted on 27 April 1942.

Somaliland 1942 3 Rupees
3 Rupees stamp showing a map of the Somaliland Protectorate

In a referendum in 1960 the majority voted for unification with the newly independent Somalia. Somaliland Protectorate stamps were withdrawn from sale on 25 June 1960. The protectorate formally became part of Somalia on 1 July 1960.

Somaliland 1996 Bogus Overprint


In 1996 the area which had formerly made up British Somaliland attempted to secede from Somalia. A 1p British Machin stamp was produced overprinted "REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND", allegedly for use in the breakaway republic from April 1996. The choice of the British stamp was reported at the time to be a tribute to their former contented days as a British protectorate.


PHILATELIC SOCIETIES FOR COLLECTORS OF SOMALILAND PROTECTORATE STAMPS AND POSTAL HISTORY
Aden-Somaliland-Yemen Study Group
Gary Brown,   PO Box 106, Briar Hill, Victoria 3088, Australia
Malcolm Lacey, PO Box 9, Winchester, Hampshire SO22 5RF England. Tel 020 8570 4856 (UK Representative)


SELECTED PAGES ON SOMALILAND PROTECTORATE STAMPS AND POSTAL HISTORY
Postage stamps and postal history of Somaliland Protectorate
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
If you are a collector of Somaliland you could help by logging onto Wikipedia and improving their page on Somaliland and maybe some others.

King George VI 1942 stamps overprinted in New Currency: issued 1 April 1951
by Germain Mentgen

British Somaliland its Posts and Postage Stamps
A Postal History to 1903
The philatelic history of the territory successively known as the Somali Coast, British Somaliland and the Somaliland Protectorate opens nearly twenty years before the introduction of postage stamps of a distinctive character.
...


BOOKS ON THE STAMPS AND POSTAL HISTORY OF SOMALILAND PROTECTORATE
The Postal History of Aden and Somaliland Protectorate
by Edward B Proud, Proud-Bailey Co Ltd, 2005, 360pp, ISBN 1872465412

Postal Markings Somaliland Protectorate 1903-1960
by Germain Mentgen, privately published, 1997
A detailed and comprehensive look at the postal and civil censorship markings, including the Somaliland Field Force (1903-04), Italian Occupation (1940-41), etc.



OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION
Somaliland Protectorate Administration of the Postal Affairs Through Aden G.P.O., by M A Cox,  in The Dhow, Volume 3, no. 1, March 2002, pp 15 - 19. The administration by the Aden G.P.O. occurred from 1941 to 1942.


From The Daily Mirror, 8 August 1940

ITALIANS MARCH ON: GRAB 3 TOWN

ITALIAN troops invading British Somaliland have occupied Zeila, on the coast near the border of French Somaliland, and two inland objectives.

British troops fought delaying actions, and inflicted severe casualties at small cost.

The British forces, including a motorised detachment of the Somali Camel Corps, are operating against greatly superior numbers, but rank among the greatest guerrilla fighters in the world.

Many square miles or waterless desert are likely to be evacuated by the defenders because it has no military value. By reducing their own lines of communication and allowing the Italians to string out across the desert, they can intensify their harassing tactics.

IT WAS STATED IN AUTHORITATIVE QUARTERS IN LONDON LAST NIGHT THAT ZEILA WAS UNDEFENDED. BRITISH RESISTANCE, IT IS STATED, WILL BEGIN IN THE HILL COUNTRY BEYOND HARGEISA AND ODWEINA.

The Italian advance - which Mussolini will exploit for propaganda purposes - was reported by the British Middle East Command yesterday.

“An Italian column entered Zeila unopposed. On the same day Hargeisa was captured by a strong force, which included tanks, artillery, machine-guns and aircraft.

“Our delaying force fell back after inflicting severe casualties. Three tanks were destroyed. Our casualties were slight.

“During the morning of August 6, Odweina was occupied by the enemy with infantry, guns and armoured fighting vehicles estimated at 2,000. The Italians have been using aeroplanes to open up the way for tanks.

Aircraft roared overhead as an Italian motorised column made its advance along the Italian-made road from Jig-Jiga towards Hargeisa. Jig-Jiga lies about forty miles from the Abyssinian frontier with Somaliland and is about fifty miles from Harar.

Hargeisa, a town of 15,000 people, is at the junction of a number of routes through British Somaliland and is on the main road to Berbera, which is the biggest port in British Somaliland. It is thirtv miles from the Abyssinian frontier. Odweina is about seventy miles west of Hargeisa.

British troops on the Libyan Egyptian frontier were yesterdav still awaiting the expected Italian attack.







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